Miscanthus is a dependable grass that captivates attention for an extended duration. In the early summer, cascades of foliage sprout, leading to the emergence of pink floral plumes by the end of the season. As winter nears, these transition to hues of tawny beige. The taller variety, Miscanthus x Giganteus, is apt for the rear of garden borders or as hedging.

Miscanthus x Giganteus

Common name: Elephant Grass, Giante Miscanthus

Retail delivery options:

Standart: from 12,95€
Named day: from 18,95€

Growing conditions:

Prefers moisture but needs well-drained soil.
Tolerates Acidic, Alkaline, and Neutral pH levels.
Miscanthus can reach up to three and half meters in height, acting as an efficient barrier against wind and noise. It boasts durable stems and slender long leaves. Once it's established, it demands minimal maintenance. Impressively, it has the capacity to store carbon dioxide, even up to six times more than a forest. Additionally, it helps in purifying water resources and reducing nitrogen in the soil.

Environmental Impact:


Aspect: Can face South, North, West, or East.
Exposure: Can be either in exposed or sheltered locations.
Full sun
Height: Ranges between 2.5 to 3.5 meters.
Spread: Spreads out between 1.5 to 2 meters.
When using it as a decorative element in gardens, it's advisable to trim it down late in winter, just before the onset of new foliage.

Garden Care:

Use Miscanthus mulch (trimmed and shreded biomass) to enrich the soil with nutrients. It helps retain soil moisture, reduce weed growth, and regulate soil temperature. In areas prone to erosion, Miscanthus mulch can stabilize the soil. Additionally, its unique texture enhances garden aesthetics, and it might deter certain pests.
Clusters of curving green foliage, transition to warm shades of orange during fall. During the late summer to fall period, delicate blossoms emerge in pink colour. This variety grows up to a height of 3.6 meters (12 feet).

Hedge row establishment:

We suggest the following planting pattern to establish a hedge row/screen. The individual rhizomes should be planted in a double line. Each line would be 50cm apart with the rhizomes planted down these lines also 50cm apart staggered (See diagram no1). 199 rhizomes are used per 100x0,5 meteres hedge. Planting a third line of rhizomes on the hedge row will provide thicker screen coverage at a faster pace. This uses 299 rhizomes per 100m2.
( I )

About Miscanthus


Originating from Asia, Miscanthus X Giganteus is a formidable "woody" perennial grass, boasting a yearly growth of at least 10 feet once established. It emerges from a natural cross between miscanthus sacchariflorus and miscanthus sinensis, resulting in a sterile triploid grass — possessing three sets of chromosomes and eliminating concerns over invasiveness due to its lack of viable seeds and underground runners. Furthermore, it robustly withstands temperatures down to -20°C.
As a prospective biomass crop, miscanthus offers substantial dry stems, usable as fuel for heat and electricity or convertible to ethanol. Notably, its photosynthetic mechanism is seemingly more adapted to low temperatures compared to other C4 crops, ensuring high productivity even in cooler conditions.
During the first frost, miscanthus undergoes a two-week process, withdrawing nutrients from above ground to the rhizomes below, preparing for the subsequent year's growth. Concurrently, it transitions through shades until it settles into a golden brown hue, which it retains from winter through to the next spring's growth.
Miscanthus demonstrates notable aspects in both its growth and propagation methods. Each year, it produces new stalks, with each one typically measuring around 3/8" in diameter and forming clusters that spread approximately 6cm on average. When it comes to propagation, Miscanthus employs a unique approach due to its inherent sterility. Instead of relying on seeds, propagation is achieved through rhizome division, wherein pieces of the root, or rhizomes, which are roughly 6cm in length, are planted to cultivate new growth. This method ensures a continuation of its robust and reliable growth cycle year after year.
Miscanthus x Giganteus showcases efficient and high-yielding growth characteristics, attributed in part to its capability for C4 photosynthesis. The species excels by efficiently utilizing available resources, demonstrating rapid growth even under conditions with limited nutrients. Additionally, it exhibits a notable resilience to pests and diseases, which further solidifies its capacity to provide consistent yields year after year. Particularly impressive is its potential yield: upon reaching peak maturity, which typically occurs around its fourth year, Miscanthus X Giganteus is capable of producing up to 28 tons of dry material per hectare. It’s noteworthy that each year, reports indicate even higher yield potentials, underscoring its remarkable proficiency as a biomass producer.

planting & CARE

Plant rhizomes horizontally, 10-15cm deep, ensuring no part protrudes above the soil. If the rhizome displays new growth, such as a pink shoot or grass blade, it may be planted slightly above ground in shallower soil with an inch of soil atop. Although a well-tilled bed accelerates root establishment, it isn’t mandatory. Ideal planting conditions involve moist, warm soil at an average ground temperature of 15C degrees, with conscientious avoidance of over-watering and meticulous attention to combating weeds during the first year. Maintain a soil pH between 5.5 and 7.5.
In the first year, a rhizome typically produces 5-15+ stalks, reaching 50-120cm. The second year sees an increase to an average of 20-45 stalks, extending to 120-200cm. By the third year, expect clusters to span 50-100cm in diameter, containing approximately 75-150 stalks that reach full height (300cm+). During the fourth year, rhizomes planted 33cm apart should mesh into each other, with the speed of spread varying according to soil type.
Miscanthus X Giganteus boasts efficient nutrient use and has the ability to draw nutrients back down to the rhizomes post-growing season, minimizing fertilizer demands. However, a yearly fertilization routine, commencing about three weeks post-planting with a "triple" fertilizer, encourages further rhizome and stalk growth. At the same fertilization point, apply a spray-based herbicide to curtail new weed seed germination. Suitable herbicides include Dual, Atrazine, and 2,4-D.
Spit out any lingering questions you still have!
( II )


( III )


( IV )


Made on